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Forum Julium

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Using most of his booty from his conquests of Gaul Julius Caesar built the Forum Julium. It was undoubtedly Caesar's grand reply to Pompey's theatre, as well as supplying a much needed enlargement for the eve more crowded Forum Romanum. It was begun in 51 BC and completed in 46 BC.
Above are some shops with the columns of the colonnades which surrounded the forum. Below are the remains of the Temple of Venetrix still overlooking the Forum Julium, its last three distinctive columns rising skywards. It once contained not merely a statue of the goddess Venus, but so too of Julius Caesar and his Egyptian lover Queen Cleopatra.

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Model of Rome in the days of Constantine the Great
Museo della Civilta, Rome