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The Roman Empire
at its largest extent - AD 116

Italia

The area of Italia was largely completed in its shape and size through the reforms of Caesar and Augustus was largely understood to be the Roman homeland and so enjoyed special privileges, the most notable will have been Roman citizenship and the exclusion from taxes.
However, the freedom of Italy to deal with its own affairs without beeing policed by governors was gradually eroded, until under the reign of Diocletian Italy was divided into various provinces and was received equal treatment to all other provinces of the empire.