Which modern day countries did the Roman Empire comprise of
The principal modern day nations of the Roman Empire are in bold print. Other countries which only saw some form of Roman occupation, or of whose effective membership of the empire I am unsure of, are listed in normal print.
|Czech Republic||The initial conquest of German territories up to the river Elbe under emperor Augustus may well have included a small part of the Czech Republic. Also the campaigns of emperor Marcus Aurelius most likely conquered a considerable amount of Czech territory, though these gains were abandoned by his son Commodus without ever being recognised as a province.|
|Slovakia||Slovakia was home to several forward positions of the Roman frontier system. Also the campaigns of emperor Marcus Aurelius most likely conquered considerable parts of Slovakia, though they were abandoned by his son Commodus without ever being recognised as a province.|
|Georgia||With the annexation of the ancient kingdom of Armenia by emperor Trajan part, if not all, of modern day Georgia may have become part of the empire.|
|Armenia||With the annexation of the ancient kingdom of Armenia by emperor Trajan all of modern day Armenia will have become part of the empire.|
|Azerbaijan||With the annexation of the ancient kingdom of Armenia by emperor Trajan part, if not all, of modern day Azerbaijan will have become part of the empire.|
|Kuwait||If any part of northern Kuwait was part of the short-lived province of Mesopotamia, created by emperor Trajan, I am unsure. Though it may well have done.|
|Saudi Arabia||With emperor Trajan's annexation of part of the kingdom of Nabatea as the Roman province of Arabia Petraea, a small part of the Red Sea coast of Saudia Arabia became part of the Roman empire.|
|Sudan||To what extent the Roman province of Aegyptus extended into Sudan I am unsure of. Though it must have extended some way into this country to border on the kingdom of Nubia.|
|Palestine||Not yet an internationally recognised nation, Palestine is situated on Jordanian and Egyptian territory which is currently occupied by Israel.
It would have been part of the Roman province of Judaea.