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Capitoline Hill

The old forum, looking toward the Capitoline Hill. On the left of the square is the line of triumphal columns signifying great victories in battle. The statue of a figure on horseback in the centre of the square is Emperor Constantine.
Notice also the raised platform, the rostra, from where orators would address the crowds. Immediately next to it stands the Arch of Severus.
To the left of the line of triumphal arches stands the Basilica Julia, where court cases were held. Looking from above perspective, in front of the Basilica Julia stands the Temple of Castor and Pollux, behind it stands the Temple of Saturn, which functioned as the state treasury.
Behind the rostra and the Arch of Severus stand two temples, on the left the Temple of Vespasian, of the right stands the Temples of Concord. Behind them stands the Tabularium, where the records on the Roman citizenry were kept.
Behind the Tabularium the Capitoline Hill divides into two peaks. To the left, on the Capitol, stands the great Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus. This is a rebuilt temple (begun by Sulla) which replaced the structure that stood there originally and which, prior to its destruction by fire, contained the famous Sibylline books.
On the right, on the Arx, stands the Temple of Juno Moneta. The latter also functioned as Rome’s mint.

The old forum, looking from the Capitoline Hill. On the left of the square stands the Basilica Aemilia, next to it the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina.
Behind the Basilica Aemilia you can make out the large sqare of the Forum of Vespasian.
Set into the open space of the old forum itself stands the little Temple of Julius, built on the site of Caesar’s funeral pyre. On its right, barely visible, is the Arch of Augustus. The circular roof, just visible behind the Arch of Augustus is the tiny Temple of Vesta, where the vestal virgins tended the eternal flame. Their residence and the house of the Pontifex Maximus both lie immediately behind the small Temple of Vesta.
Across the street is another circular temple. It too is rather obscured, but can be better seen than the place of vestal worship. This temple is the Temple of Romulus. (Worth mentioning: the Romulus in question is not the Romulus who founded Rome but Valerius Romulus, son of Emperor Maxentius.)

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This page was last updated on 16th July 2007.