Battles Trajan at Sarmizegethusa 102 Trajan again at Sarmizegethusa 105 Trajan in Parthia : Hatra (117) parthian campaign led by Avidius Cassius and Statius Priscus (instead of co-emperor Verus) Seleucia and Ctesiphon destroyed by Avidius Cassius 165-166 170 Setback Severus agaisnt niger at Cyzicus and Nicaea Niger's Byzantium besieged until 196 in total he suffered two setbacks 251 Cniva defeats Decius at Abrittus 253 Aemilianus defeats Gallus at Interamna ? 269 Claudius agianst the Alemanni at Lake Garda 272 Aurelian defeats Zenobia's troops at Antioch 272 Aurelian defeats Zenobia's troops (under Zabdas) at Emesa
390 BCAlliaGauls (Brennus)Romans (Q.Servius Fidenas/Q.Sulpicius/P.Cornelius Maluginensis)
280 BCHeracleaTarentum/Epirus (Pyrrhus)Romans (P. Valerius Laevinus)
279 BCAsculumno winner / drawn battleTarentum/Epirus (Pyrrhus)
Romans (C. Fabricius Luscinus)
275 BCBeneventumRomans (M.Curius Dentatus)Tarentum/Epirus (Pyrrhus)
256 BCEcomusRomans (M.Atilius Regulus/L.Manlius)Carthaginians (Hamilcar)
218 BCTrebiaCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (Ti.Sempronius Longus)
217 BCLake TrasimeneCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (C.Flaminius)
216 BCCannaeCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (C. Terentius Varro)
211SyracuseRomans (M.Claudius Marcellus)Syracusans
207 BCMetaurusRomans (M.Livius Salinator/C.Claudius Nero)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal Barca)
206 BCIlipaRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal)
203 BCGreat PlainsRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal/Syphax)
202 BCZamaRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hannibal)
197 BCCynoscephalaeRomans (T.Quinctius Flaminius)Macedonians (Philip V)
191 BCThermopylaeRomans (M.Acilius Glabrio/M.Porcius Cato)Seleucia (Antiochus III)
190 BCMagnesiaRomans (Cn.Domitius Ahenobarbus/Eumenes II)Seleucia (Antiochus III)
168 BCPydnaRomans (L.Aemilius Paulus)Macedonians (Perseus)
147 BCCarthageRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus)Carthaginians (M. or C. Vetilius)
133 BCNumantiaRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus)Celtiberians
106 BCCirtaRomans (C.Marius)Numidians (Jughurta/Bocchus)
105 BCArausioCimbri and TeutonesRomans (Cn.Manlius/Q.Servilius Caepio)
102 BCAquae SextiaeRomans (C.Marius)Teutones and Ambrones
101 BCVercellaeRomans (C.Marius/Q.Lutatius Catulus)Cimbri
86 BCChaeroneaRomans (L.Cornelus Sulla Felix)Pontus (Archelaus)
86 BCOrchomenusRomans (L.Cornelus Sulla Felix)Pontus (Archelaus)
82 BCColline GateRomans (L.Cornelus Sulla Felix)Romans (Generals of Cn. Papirius Carbo/Samnite chief Telesinus)
58 BCBibracteRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Helvetii
58 BCPlain of AlsaceRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Germans (Ariovistus)
53 BCCarrhaeParthians (Surenas)Romans (M.Licinius Crassus)
52 BCGergoviaGauls (Vercingetorix)Romans (G.Julius Caesar)
52 BCLutetia ParisiorumRomans (T.Labienus)Gauls (Camulogenus)
52 BCAlesiaRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Gauls (Vercingetorix)
48 BCDyrrhachiumRomans (Cn. Pompeius Magnus)Romans (G.Julius Caesar)
48 BCPharsalusRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Romans (Cn. Pompeius Magnus)
47 BCAlexandriaRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Egyptians (Ptolemy III)
47 BCZelaRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Pontus (Pharnaces)
46 BCThapsusRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Romans (Q.Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio)
45 BCMundaRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Romans (Cn. Pompeius Magnus)
42 BC1st Philippino winner / drawn battleM.Antonius&C.Octavianus/M.Junius Brutus&C.Cassius Longinus
42 BC2nd PhilippiM.Antonius/C.OctavianusM.Junius Brutus
36 BCNaulochusRomans (M.Vipsanius Agrippa)Romans (Sex.Pompeius Magnus)
36 BCPhraaspano winner / drawn battleRomans (M.Antonius)/Parthians (Phraates IV)
31 BCActiumRomans (M.Vipsanius Agrippa)Romans (M.Antonius)
---------
AD 9Teutoburger WaldGermans (Arminius)Romans (Varus)
68-70JerusalemRomans (Vespasian/Titus)Jews
691st Cremona (Bedriacum)Romans (Caecina and Valens)Romans (Otho)
692nd CremonaRomans (Antonius Primus)Romans (army of Vitellius)
101-106 Dacian War
131 Jewish revolt
162 Parthians ivade Armenia 165-66 Parethian campaign
168-175 War against Marcomanni, etc>
193 Severus becomes emperor via civil war
194IssusSeverus against NigerSeverus
197LugdunumSeverus against AlbinusSeverus
198CtesiphonSeverus
217 Macrinus suffers setback near Nisibis
218Macrinus defeated near Antioch
230 Persians invade Mesopotamia and besiege Nisibis
232 Alexander SEverus campaign in Persia
234 " against the Alamanni
235 Maximinus successful against Alemanni
236-37 Fighting with Dacians and Sarmatians
237-38 Persians attack Mesopotamia, conquer Nisibis
258 Goths and Carpi attack across Danube
242 Timesitheus campaigns againgst Persians
246-47 War on Danube Frontier
249 Decius defeats Phlippus Arabs at Verona
249 Goths attack under command of Cniva
252 goths attack north.
252 Persinas attack Mesopotamia
253 Aemilianus defeats Gallus
254 Marcomanni attack Pannonia and raid Ravena
256 Franks attack Lower Rhine
256 goths attack by sea Asia Minor
257 renewed Persian invasion
258-259 Gallienus defeats Allemani near Milan
259/60 Valerian captured by Sapor
261 Macrianus killed in Battle against Aureolus in Illyricum or Thrace
262 P.Septimius Odenathus againt Persians
267 Gothic invasion
268NaissusGallienusGoths
268 Milan, M.Acilius Aureolus killed
269 Claudius victories over Goths
270 Aurelian against Quintilius
268-69 Zenobia extends her kingdom
270 Zenobia's troops enter Alexandria
271 Aurelian moves against Zenobia
273 Aurelian destroys Palmyra
274 Aurelian defeats Tetricus at Campi Catalaunii
276-277 Probus clears Germans and Goths from Gaul
283 Carus Persian campaign
285 Diocleas defets Carinus who is killed
286 Augustus defeates Bagaudae in gaul
286-87 Maximian against Alamanni and Burgundians
289 Diocletian fights Sarmatians Carausius defeats Maximian
292 Diocletian fight Sarmatians
297 Gallienus War against Persia
298 Maximian against Moors
306 Civil war of Tetrarchy
312rome (Milvian Bridge)
313 Licinius defeats Maximinus
314-315 constantine against Licinius
322 constantine against Sarmatians
323 Constnatine aginst Goths
324 constantine agisnt Licinius
340 constans defeats Constininus II
350 revolt of magnentius who kills constans
351-52 constantius ii defeats magnetnius at nursa
357 julian defeats alamanni at argentorate
359 war with persia
376 huns drive visigoths across the danube
378adrianople
388 maximus defeated by theodosius
392 revolt of arbogast
394 battle of frigidus death of arbogast
395 revolt of alaric teh visigoth
396 alaric defeated by stilicho in Greece
406 barbarians invade gaul
408 alaric invades italy
409 vandals suebi and alans invade spain
410 visigoth cappture rome
429 vandal invasion of africa
439 vandals capture carthage
451 aetius against the huns
455 vandals sack rome
472 ricimer captures rome
DateWhereWho/WhatWinner
268NaissusGallienus against the GothsGallienus/Romans
ChâlonsAurelian against TetricusAurelian
Siege of PalmyraAurelian against ZenobiaAurelian
276Asia Minor (?)Tacitus against the GothsTacitus
312Milvian BridgeConstantine against MaxentiusConstantine
313HellespontLicinius against Maximinus DaiaLicinius
324Constantine against LiciniusConstantine
1071ManzikertTurks against ByzantinesAlp Arslan/ The Turks
1079Calavrytageneral Alexius Comnenus for Nicephorus III Botaniates against usurper Nicephorus BryenniusAlexius Comnenus/ Nicephorus III