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Major Battles in Roman History

This is an attempt at a list of the major battles and military incidents to have taken place in the course of Roman history:

242-243 Victorious campaigns agaisnt the Persians; battles of Resenae, Carrhae, and Nisibis Italy's campaign: long with numerous battles and sieges of various importance... 536 Belisarius captures and holds Rome up to 555 Persian war for Colchis 568 Lombards invade Italy great Slavonic raids 581-585 (reach as far as Thessalonica and Thermopylae) 613 Chosroes II (Persia) conquers Damscus (?) 616 Persian conquest of Egypt 635 Fall of Damascus 636 Fall of Antioch, Heraclius evacuates Syria 636 (preceded by Heraclius victory over Sassanides some years before AD 636) 637 Fall of Jerusalem and Ctesiphon 658 Constans campaigns agaisnt Slavs 662 Constans invades Italy 664Constans organises campaigns in Africa 668 Saracen victories in Asia Minor 712 Saracen fleet victorious in teh west ? capture several cities 719 campaigns to drive Saracens from Asia Minor 727 Saracen defeat at Nicaea drives them from Asia Minor 755 First Bulgar war of Constantine Copronymus AD 912 Saracens destroy Byzantine Fleet 961 Romanus recovers Crete from Saracens, launches Syrian campaign 965 Nicephorus recovers Cyprus from Saracens 968 Nicephorus recovers Antioch#= 969 Russians under Svatoslav invade Bulgaria and Thrace 964 Nicephorus Phocas conquest of Cilicia 965 Byzantines (Nicephorus Phocas) defeat Saracens (?) at Tarsus 970 John Zimisces on campaign agasint Russians 975 Syrian campaign by John Ziisces 1022 Armenian cmapaign of Basil II 1032 capture of Edessa by Byzantines 1060 Tugril invades Armenia 1073 Sulayman takes Nicaea 1076 Seljuks seize Jerusalem (Comneni subdued the Franks ???) 1091: byzantium defeats the Petchenegs 1308 Rodger de Flor employed Catalans who were strong enough to bring emperor Andronicus to his knees (at Athens) 1330: Ottomans capture Nicaea 1361: Ottomans conquer Andrianople
YearPlaceWinners (Commander)Losers (Commander)
390 BCAlliaGauls (Brennus)Romans (Q.Servius Fidenas/Q.Sulpicius/P.Cornelius Maluginensis)
295 BCSentinumSamnites (Gellius Egnatius), Gauls, Umbrians & EtruscansRomans (Fabius Rullianus/Publius Decius Mus)
293 BCAquiloniaSamnitesRomans (Lucius Papirius Cursor)
280 BCHeracleaTarentum/Epirus (Pyrrhus)Romans (P. Valerius Laevinus)
279 BCAsculumno winner / drawn battleTarentum/Epirus (Pyrrhus)
Romans (C. Fabricius Luscinus)
275 BCBeneventumRomans (M.Curius Dentatus)Tarentum/Epirus (Pyrrhus)
256 BCEcomusRomans (M.Atilius Regulus/L.Manlius)Carthaginians (Hamilcar)
249 BCDrepanumCarthaginians (Adherbal)Romans (P.Claudius Pulcher)
241 BCAegates IslandsRomans (C.Lutatius Catulus)Carthaginians (Hanno)
218 BCTrebiaCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (Ti.Sempronius Longus)
217 BCLake TrasimeneCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (C.Flaminius)
216 BCCannaeCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (C. Terentius Varro)
211 BCSyracuseRomans (M.Claudius Marcellus)Syracusans
207 BCMetaurusRomans (M.Livius Salinator/C.Claudius Nero)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal Barca)
206 BCIlipaRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal)
203 BCGreat PlainsRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal/Syphax)
202 BCZamaRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hannibal)
197 BCCynoscephalaeRomans (T.Quinctius Flaminius)Macedonians (Philip V)
191 BCThermopylaeRomans (M.Acilius Glabrio/M.Porcius Cato)Seleucia (Antiochus III)
190 BCMagnesiaRomans (Cn.Domitius Ahenobarbus/Eumenes II)Seleucia (Antiochus III)
168 BCPydnaRomans (L.Aemilius Paulus)Macedonians (Perseus)
147 BCCarthageRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus)Carthaginians (M. or C. Vetilius)
133 BCNumantiaRomans (P.Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus)Celtiberians
106 BCCirtaRomans (C.Marius)Numidians (Jughurta/Bocchus)
105 BCArausioCimbri and TeutonesRomans (Cn.Manlius/Q.Servilius Caepio)
102 BCAquae SextiaeRomans (C.Marius)Teutones and Ambrones
101 BCVercellaeRomans (C.Marius/Q.Lutatius Catulus)Cimbri
86 BCChaeroneaRomans (L.Cornelus Sulla Felix)Pontus (Archelaus)
86 BCOrchomenusRomans (L.Cornelus Sulla Felix)Pontus (Archelaus)
82 BCColline GateRomans (L.Cornelus Sulla Felix)Romans (Generals of Cn. Papirius Carbo/Samnite chief Telesinus)
72 BCCabiraRomans (Army of Lucullus)Pontus (Mithridates VI)
71 BCSilarus RiverRomans (M.Licinius Crassus)Spartacus
69 BCTigranocertaRomans (L.Licinius Lucullus)Armenia (Trigranes)
58 BCBibracteRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Helvetii
58 BCPlain of AlsaceRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Germans (Ariovistus)
57 BCSabis RiverRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Nervii
56 BCMorbihan GulfRomans (D.Junius Brutus)Veneti
53 BCCarrhaeParthians (Surenas)Romans (M.Licinius Crassus)
52 BCGergoviaGauls (Vercingetorix)Romans (G.Julius Caesar)
52 BCLutetia ParisiorumRomans (T.Labienus)Gauls (Camulogenus)
52 BCBattle near Dijon hands initiative back to CaesarRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Gauls (Vercingetorix)
52 BCAlesiaRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Gauls (Vercingetorix)
48 BCDyrrhachiumRomans (Cn. Pompeius Magnus)Romans (G.Julius Caesar)
48 BCPharsalusRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Romans (Cn. Pompeius Magnus)
47 BCAlexandriaRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Egyptians (Ptolemy III)
47 BCZelaRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Pontus (Pharnaces)
46 BCThapsusRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Romans (Q.Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio)
45 BCMundaRomans (G.Julius Caesar)Romans (Cn. Pompeius Magnus)
42 BC1st Philippino winner / drawn battleM.Antonius&C.Octavianus/M.Junius Brutus&C.Cassius Longinus
42 BC2nd PhilippiM.Antonius/C.OctavianusM.Junius Brutus
36 BCNaulochusRomans (M.Vipsanius Agrippa)Romans (Sex.Pompeius Magnus)
36 BCPhraaspano winner / drawn battleRomans (M.Antonius)/Parthians (Phraates IV)
31 BCActiumRomans (M.Vipsanius Agrippa)Romans (M.Antonius)
AD 9Teutoburger WaldGermans (Arminius)Romans (P. Quinctilius Varus)
AD 16IdistavisoRomans (G. Claudius Drusus Germanicus)Germans (Arminius)
AD 68-70JerusalemRomans (Vespasian/Titus)Jews
AD 691st CremonaRomans (Caecina and Valens)Romans (Otho)
AD 692nd CremonaRomans (Antonius Primus)Romans (Army of Vitellius)
AD 89TapaeRomans (Tettius Julianus)Dacians (Decebalus)
AD 101TapaeRomans (Trajan)Dacians (Decebalus)
AD 102SarmizegethusaRomans (Trajan)Dacians (Decebalus)
AD 105SarmizegethusaRomans (Trajan)Dacians (Decebalus)
AD 117HatraParthiansRomans (Trajan)
AD 166Ctesiphon/SeleuciaRomans (G.Avidius Cassius)Parthians
AD 193-96ByzantiumRomans (Army of Severus)Romans (Army of Pescennius Niger)
AD 194NicaeaRomans (Severus)Romans (Pescennius Niger)
AD 194IssusRomans (Severus)Romans (Pescennius Niger)
AD 197LugdunumRomans (Severus)Romans (Albinus)
AD 217Nisibisno winner / drawn battle (possible win by Parthians)Romans (Macrinus)/Parthians (Artabatus V)
AD 218AntiochRomans (Gannys)Romans (Macrinus)
AD 249VeronaRomans (Decius)Romans (Philippus Arabs)
AD 251AbrittusGoths (Kniva)Romans (Decius)
AD 259MediolanumRomans (Gallienus)Juthungi
AD 261BalkansRomans (Domitianus)Romans (F.Iunius Macrianus)
AD 268NaissusRomans (Gallienus)Goths
AD 268MediolanumRomans (Claudius II Gothicus)Romans (M.Acilius Aureolus)
AD 268Lake Benacus (Lake Garda)Romans (Claudius II Gothicus)Alemanni
AD 271PlacentiaAlemanni, Marcomanni, JuthungiRomans (Aurelian)
AD 272ImmaeRomans (Aurelian)Palmyrenes (Zabdas)
AD 272EmesaRomans (Aurelian)Palmyrenes
AD 273PalmyraRomans (Aurelian)Palmyrenes
AD 274Campi CatalauniiRomans (Aurelian)Romans (Tetricus)
AD 285MargumRomans (Diocletian)Romans (Carinus)
AD 296near SilchesterRomans (Asclepiodotus)Romans (Allectus)
AD 296CarrhaePersians (NarsesRomans (Galerius)
AD 297ArmeniaRomans (Galerius)Persians (Narses)
AD 297CtesiphonRomans (Galerius)Persians
AD 312Augusta TaurinorumRomans (Constantine)Romans (Army of Maxentius)
AD 312VeronaRomans (Constantine)Romans (Army of Maxentius
AD 312Rome (Milvian Bridge)Romans (Constantine)Romans (Maxentius)
AD 313Campus SerenusRomans (Licinius)Romans (Maximinus Daia)
AD 316CibalaeRomans (Constantine)Romans (Licinius)
AD 324AdrianopleRomans (Constantine)Romans (Licinius)
AD 324ChrysopolisRomans (Constantine)Romans (Licinius)
AD 351MursaRomans (Constantius II)Romans (Magnentius)
AD 357ArgentorateRomans (Julian)Alemanni
AD 378AdrianopleGothsRomans (Valens)
AD 387SisciaRomans (Theodosius)Romans (Magnus Maximus)
AD 394 River FrigidusRomans (Theodosius)Romans (Arbogast)
AD 410Sack of RomeVisigoths (Alaric)Romans
AD 451Campi CatalauniiRomans (Aetius/Theodoric I)Huns (Attila)
AD 455Sack of RomeVandals (Geiseric)Romans
AD 468off CarthageVandals (Geiseric)Romans (Basiliscus)
AD 472RomeRomans (Ricimer)Romans
AD 476'Fall of Rome'German Mercenaries (Odoacer)Romans
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AD 530DarasRomans (Belisarius)Persians
AD 533Tricameron (Ad Decimum)Romans (Belisarius)Vandals (Geilamir)
AD 537RomeRomans (Belisarius)Goths (Wittiges)
AD 539RavennaBelisarius besieges Wittiges
AD 551RomeNarses takes Rome ?
AD 552TaginaeRomans (Narses)Goths (Totila)
AD 553SarnoRomans (Narses)Goths (Teias)
AD 554CasilinumRomans (Narses)Franks (Buccelin)
AD 614JerusalemPersia (Chosroes II)Byzantines
AD 617HeracleaAvarsByzantines (Heraclius)
AD 619Alexandria PersiansByzantines
AD 626ConstantinopleConstantinople besieged by Persians and Avars
AD 634YermakRoman defeat at Yermak
AD 636Yarmuk's battle, Hercalius defeated by Arabs.this must be Yermak !!!
AD 638 (or 37)JerusalemSaracens (Omar)Byzantines
AD 642AlexandriaSaracens (Amr)Byzantines
AD 644AlexandriaByzantines (Manuel)Saracens
AD 646AlexandriaSaracens (Amr)Byzantines
AD 652 or 655AlexandriaSaracens (Abu Sarh)Byzantines (Constans II)
AD 673-677ConstantinopleSiege of Constantinople by Saracens
AD 692SebastopolisSaracensByzantines
AD 698CarthageSaracens capture Carthage
Ad 712ConstantinopleBulgars besiege Constaninople ruled by Philippicus
AD 717-718ConstantinopleSaracens besiege Constantinople
AD 718ConstantinopleLeo shatters Saracen fleet at Constantinople
AD 806HeracleaSaracens (Harun-al-Raschid)Byzantines
AD 806TyanaSaracens (Harun-al-Raschid)Byzantines
AD 811Bulgars (Krum)Byzantines (Nicephorus)
AD 813ConstantinopleBulgars besiege Constantinople
AD 860ConstantinopleByzantines (Michael III)Russians (Oskold & Dir)
AD 863PosonByzantines (Petronas)Saracens (Omar, Emir of Melitene)
AD 907Constantinopleno winner / drawn battleByzantines / Russians (Prince Oleg)
AD 913ConstantinopleBulgars besiege Constantinople
AD 941ConstantinopleRussians besiege Constantinople
AD 961Chandax (on Crete)Byzantines (Nicephorus Phocas)Saracens (Abd al-Aziz)
AD 971DorostolonByzantines (John Zimisces)Russians
AD 1014KleidionByzantines (Basil II)Bulgars (Samuel)
AD 1013ConstantinopleRussians under Prince Igor besiege Constantinople
1071ManzikertTurks (Alp Arslan)Byzantines (Romanus IV Diogenes)
1079CalavrytaByzantines (Alexius Comnenus)Byzantines (Nicephorus Bryennius)
AD 1090-1091ConstntinoplePetchenegs besiege Constnatinople
AD 1094Alexius Comnenus defeats the Koumans
AD 1176MiryokephalonSeljuks (Kilij Arslan)Byzantines (Manuel I)
AD 1204ConstantinopleLatins/VenetiansByzantines
AD 1261ConstantinopleByzantines (Michael VIII)Latins (?)
AD 1422-?ConstantinopleByzantines ()Ottomans (Murad II)
AD 1453ConstantinopleOttomans (Mohammed II)Byzantines (Constantine XII)